Lima COP20 | CMP 10 / The Gender and Climate Change Action Plan / 1. Why is important to make a Gender and Climate Change Action Plan in Peru ?

1. Why is important to make a Gender and Climate Change Action Plan in Peru ?

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Gender and Climate Change

In all societies, women and men have different roles and responsibilities, needs and knowledge that are socially assigned and it is necessary to fully understand those in order to integrate them into effective actions to tackle climate change.

Climate change magnifies existing inequalities and, in particular, gender inequalities. Both women and men are indispensable for climate solutions. In recent years, the global consensus has recognized that the incorporation of women’s rights and gender equality in the mitigation and adaptation activities is not only essential, but maximizes the effectiveness of interventions, programs and resources. This is consistent with the regulatory frameworks which establish the links between gender equality, women´s human rights and environment, which governments have already agreed to establish, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Hyogo Framework for Action, Rio+ 20, Agenda 21 and the Beijing Platform for Action .

International Context: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

In 1992 the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was signed, its objective “… is to achieve in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, the stabilization of concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate system. That level should be achieved within a sufficient time to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner” .

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the supreme body of the UNFCCC and has a mandate to promote the application of the signed Convention; and is the space where initiatives on Gender and Climate Change have developed, among which the following are of note:

Decision 36/CP.7. Improvement of the participation of women in the representation of Parties in the bodies established under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol (2001, COP7) .
Decision 23/CP.18. Promotion of gender balance and enhancement of women’s participation in the negotiations of the Framework Convention and in the representation of Parties in the bodies established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol (2012, COP18) .
Decision 18/CP.20. Work program in Lima on gender (2014 COP20) .

As part of this process is almost global consensus the recognition to incorporate the gender perspective in mitigation and adaptation to climate change activities as a way to integrate men and women in the efforts to tackle climate change.

Lima´s Work Program on Gender

In the context of the Twentieth Conference of the Parties (COP 20) and the Tenth Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP-10), held in Lima in December 2014, the development of the Lima´s Work Program on Gender was announced which engages the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to advance in the implementation of mandates and climate policies sensitive to gender considerations in all negotiation areas.

The decision established a two year work program which includes a review of all existing mandates on gender implemented by the Secretariat of the UNFCCC, training and awareness for delegates on climate policies sensitive to gender considerations, training and capacity building for delegates, among others.

On December 9, 2014, on the Gender day in the COP20/CMP10, the Government of Peru undertook to develop the Action Plan on Gender and Climate Change (PAGCC-Peru), in coordination with the IUCN global gender office. This public policy seeks to introduce gender issues into all plans, programs and projects of the State focused on tackling climate change.