Lima COP20 | CMP 10 / National Contributions / National Contributions in Peru

National Contributions in Peru


Why does Peru have to present its National Contribution?

Peru as Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has made a commitment –since 1992- to report to the Convention what actions it has adopted or plans to adopt to contribute to the global effort to reduce Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

So, in the 19th Conference of Parties (COP 19), held in Warsaw the Parties agreed to initiate or intensify the preparation of their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and communicate those contributions in advance to the COP21, in Paris.

Preparing our National Contributions will allow:

  • Strengthening Peru’s position in the negotiations.
  • Keep being competitive, meeting the new market requirements: purchasers, financiers, OECD, etc.
  • Maintaining economic growth, with less carbon emissions.
  • Channeling efforts and funding to develop business opportunities.
  • Obtaining social, economic and environmental benefits from business opportunities with GHG emission mitigation.
  • Developing long-term multisectoral objectives, which provide stability to local and foreign investors.

What sectors will be prioritized by Peru when preparing its National Contributions?

There are five prioritized sectors to design national actions towards greenhouse gas emission reduction: Energy, Transportation, Agriculture, Solid Waste and USCUF (Use of Soil, Change of Use and Forestry).
These sectors have been chosen since they are the largest emitters of GHG, according to the National Inventory with 2010 as the base year, and thus they have a larger mitigation potential.

Who participate of the preparation process of National Contributions, and how are we getting organized?

All stakeholders: public sector, private sector, NGOs, indigenous peoples’ associations, women organizations, universities, youth organizations and civil society have been called to participate in the preparation process of National Contributions, through public consultations. This shows the commitment of the Peruvian State to engage citizens in general in the response to climate change. However, the State assumes the responsibility and leadership of the process.

Moreover, to fulfill this international commitment a Multisectoral Committee has been created to prepare the technical report that will include the National Contribution proposal.

The Committee may also invite other State entities, private entities and civil society organizations to assist in the fulfillment of its objective.

Three work levels have been implemented to facilitate and speed up the INDC preparation process:

What are the steps that shall be made during the process?

Since 2014, Peru is conducting a participative and inclusive process to prepare its National Contributions, including the design of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for the following sectors: solid waste, transport, industry, energy, buildings and agriculture.

Potential mitigation actions were also identified for six sectors: agriculture, energy, forest sector, industrial processes, transport and waste, within the framework of the first stage of the CC Plan Project.

At the same time, through the First Biennial Update Report (BUR) projects and programs were identified for GHG reduction or carbon capture; and the Third National Communication on Climate Change project is being implemented, which will include progress and climate change adaptation initiatives, at the national, regional and local level.

Roadmap of the INDC:

Informative meetings are for the general public. The Peruvian State calls all sectors of society to participate through a public consultation. To make the IND preparation process easier and faster, work stages have been implemented. Before starting the public consultation process, national workshops will be conducted in which members of the technical-political working groups of prioritized sectors will participate (energy, transport, waste, USCUF and agriculture).

Once this process is finished; the website of the Ministry of the Environment will be one of the informative and participation channels to receive contributions, as well as the websites of each sector, which will have a space for public consultation.