Lima COP20 | CMP 10 / National Contributions

National Contributions

iNDC1

What are National Contributions?

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) are a commitment made by the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and not to exceed the 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Furthermore, they are key contributions to the negotiations on the new global climate agreement in the COP21, to be held in Paris.

What shall include a National Contribution?

The INDC shall be determined by the Parties considering their national circumstances, and they will provide information on the level of national ambition for greenhouse gas reduction and how it contributes to the UNFCCC’s ultimate goal. It shall also present the work plan, implementation strategy, monitoring mechanisms, as well as the quantifiable information on mitigation, such as:

  • Benchmark, including base year.
  • Implementation periods.
  • Sectoral scope, gasses and geographical coverage.
  • Planning processes.
  • Methodological approaches, including those for estimating and measuring anthropogenic GHG emissions and absorptions.

What is the deadline to submit the National Contributions?

The initial deadline to present the INDC is March 2015 for developed Parties and those prepared to do so, and October 2015 for those who were not able to do it sooner. With this information, the UNFCCC Secretariat will prepare a report summarizing the INDCs submitted by the Parties as of October 01, 2015.

What countries have already submitted their National Contributions?

To date 35 countries Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change have submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.

Switzerland

It will reduce 50% of its emissions below 1990 levels by 2030, out of which 30% will be in its own territory and the rest will be through emission reduction projects abroad.

European Union

They announced that before 2030 they will reduce their emissions by 40% in relation to 1990 levels.
Norway pledged to reduce emissions in 40% by 2030, in comparison with 1990 levels, with a project schedule that will be implemented from 2021 to 2030.

Mexico

It is the first Latin American submitting its INDC. It expects to reduce 25% of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, below 2000 levels, a number that may reach 40% with international support. Its Contribution includes plans for climate change adaptation, as well as a black carbon or soot reduction goal.

United States

It pledged to reduce its emissions between 26% and 28% by 2025 in comparison to the level reached in 2005.

Gabon

It will reduce 65% of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, in comparison to 2000 levels.

Russia

It will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, in relation to1990 levels, subject to the forests’ maximum absorption capacity; and emissions from the energy or industrial sector, as well as from agriculture, use of land and waste.