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30-12-2014 COP20 in the Media

The climate call of Lima resounds in ten bell rings

Llamado de Lima para la acción Climática
The climate call of Lima resounds in ten bell rings

By Manuel Pulgar Vidal
Environmental Minister / COP20 President

The Lima COP20 ended and it did so with the unanimous adoption by acclamation by all the Member States of the “Lima Call for Climate Action.” This call can be compared to 10 bells rings that markedly determine the course towards COP21 in Paris, and finally, make possible the climate agreement in 2015.

1. The bells of the “Lima Climate Call” were rung in unison by 194 States of the world, in consensus and with optimism based on the great progress achieved. This consensus was translated into the standing ovation by all representatives of the world clapping and congratulating the Peruvian team and, in doing so, all Peruvians and their effort. The “Lima Call for Climate Action” has the elements that will allow negotiations to continue towards Paris, thus fulfilling the COP20’s mandate. This had not been possible before, but now the Lima’s Text given viability, security and soundness, arising hope for real solutions.

2.During the COP20 in Lima the capitalization of the Green Climate Fund was consolidated by surpassing the target of USD $10 billion and reaching USD $10.2 billion. In addition, the Adaptation Fund will be able to continue its operations thanks to a contribution of USD $65 million announced during the meeting in Lima. Likewise, in terms of the institutionalization of climate funding, nine decisions for the pre-2020 period, for the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Global Environment Fund (GEF) and the Adaptation Fund (AF) were approved, which determine the course for a solid mechanism of financial support for the climate efforts made by developing countries. The Lima Call confirmed how relevant it is that developed countries or agencies in charge of financial mechanisms provide support to countries for the preparation of their National Contributions. Likewise, the Lima Text requests developed countries to expand their provision and mobilization of financial support for developing countries’ adaptation and mitigation actions.

3. The Lima Call for Climate Action approved the type of information that, for the first time in history all countries without exception -developed and developing countries- will include in their National Contributions. These will present the mitigation actions that countries will submit next year to determine the level of ambition that is geared to not exceed an average planetary temperature rise of 1.5°-2° Celsius. For the first time, countries were invited to consider adaptation in their National Contributions.

4. Thus, the balance between mitigation and adaptation is acknowledged, answering the expectations of developing countries and showing the path so that said balance is expressed in the Climate Agreement to be signed in 2015. In addition, the COP20’s decisions include very important results, strengthening the role of adaptation. The importance of National Adaptation Plans has now been consolidated, both regarding their preparation and implementation, as well as by improving access to resources for financing.

5. It was also agreed that the aggregated effect of National Contributions will be considered. This important information will help determine the level of ambition Parties are willing to commit to in order to reach the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 or 2 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the principle of no-backsliding was adopted, which will ensure that contributions will be increasingly ambitious.

6. On the other hand, the mechanism of Loss and Damage was expressly recognized in the Lima Call Decision, in the elements to be negotiated in the Paris Agreement and in the COP20 decisions on the work plan and the Executive Committee, responding to a call by the States that are most vulnerable to the consequences of Climate Change.

7. The Lima Call focuses on the 2015 agreement in a way that reflects the fundamental principle of “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities” and “Respective Capabilities” in the light of different national circumstances. The latter concept recognizes the evolving nature of the responsibilities and capacities of countries towards their commitment to climate change solutions. This is a key step on the road to Paris and paves the way on a subject that had not been previously resolved.

8. Additionally, the objective of increasing climate ambition before 2020 (the year in which the Paris agreement will enter into force) was consolidated through specific mechanisms as technical expert meetings, information dissemination and document updating, identifying the benefits brought by mitigation actions.

9. COP20 also approved the “Lima Work Programme on Gender” acknowledging its relevance in the climate debate. On the other hand, the significance of “health” issues was expressly acknowledged, a fact that was recognized by the World Health Organization. The Lima Call also acknowledges the mechanism that recognizes the role of forests for Climate Change mitigation, REDD+.

10. Finally, through the “Climate Action Day,” Lima helped to lead the process towards next year. This is why the joint initiative by the governments of Peru and France and the UN Secretary General, launched in Lima and called “Lima-Paris Action Agenda” will ensure that state and non-state actors are included in the climate debate. The Lima Call for Climate Action acknowledged that effort and requested that it be replicated annually.

In addition to these concrete and positive achievements, the Lima COP20 deserved the entire world’s acknowledgement for its perfect organization, the efficiency of its security, and for the affection Peruvians showed to the world. Fourteen thousand people visited us. And the world recognized the cordiality and affection of Peruvians. One hundred and ninety-four countries thanked the effort, hospitality, determination, capacity and potential of Peru with a standing ovation.

The COP20, through “Voices for Climate”, was able create an open space for information, awareness, ambition and action, keeping its eyes on the country. It received 90 thousand visitors and, in general, both COP20 and Voices for Climate organized 800 parallel events of climate change discussions, debate, knowledge and ambition. It was also a space for inclusion and transparency actively involving indigenous peoples’ organizations.

During COP20 Lima celebrated. It was a display to the world of what Peru can achieve. The COP’s success is a reflection of Peruvians’ capacity to generate the necessary atmosphere, so that all countries may show their willingness to achieve the consensus required to continue Lima’s celebration all the way to Paris, and in doing so benefit the whole world.

Source: Diario El Comercio
Date: 21/12/2014


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