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16-12-2014 Cop20 news

COP20 closes successfully in Lima with an agreement draft and concrete progress

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Lima, December 15.- The Government of Peru celebrated the success of the Twentieth Conference of the Parties -COP20-of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change -UNFCCC-, which took place in Lima from December 1 to December 13. The chancellor of the Republic, Gonzalo Gutiérrez, the Minister of the Environment and President of COP20, Manuel Pulgar Vidal, and the President of the Republic, Ollanta Humala, highlighted the importance of having achieved the draft for the global agreement to be signed in Paris in 2015 and the success in terms of country image due to an implacable organization in the largest event to have taken place in Peru.

“The name of Peru was held high thanks to the capacity of the Peruvian team and the COP presidency that advanced a very difficult negotiation process, but also due to the hospitality shown by Peruvians partaking our best with more than 14.000 people from all over the world,” said President Humala.

In turn, Chancellor Gonzalo Gutiérrez highlighted the work performed by the Peruvian team in the implementation of this event. “It has been a first class multi sector work which has showcased Peruvian talent to the world in all aspects,” said Gutiérrez.

Finally Minister Pulgar-Vidal also highlighted that organizing COP20 gave thousands of Peruvians the opportunity of learning more about climate change. “For 12 days Peruvians have listened to world leaders such as Al Gore, Felipe Calderón, John Kerry or Rajendra Pachauri speak clearly about the sense of urgency and the need to act against climate change. But also, more than 80.000 people went to Voices for Climate, a meeting and learning place regarding climate change for citizens and civil society,” said Pulgar-Vidal.

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Following intense work for more than 30 uninterrupted hours of negotiations, the decision containing the agreement draft called “Lima Call for Climate Action,” was approved at dawn on Sunday by acclamation. This draft will continue being worked out in different negotiation spaces and will be signed in Paris at the COP21.

Peru received the visit of more than 14 thousand representatives of governments, civil society, entrepreneurs and authorities from 195 countries.They came to COP20 and sensitized and mobilized the citizens on the effects of climate change in the world, especially in our country.

“Voices for Climate” received more than 80 thousand visitors in 12 days and the indigenous Maloca received more than 35 thousand people. Also, more than 400 lectures were organized showcasing new research, projects and initiatives. Christiana Figueres, Rajendra Pachauri, Fabien Cousteau, Lucho Quequezana, Charly Alberty, among others attended Voices for Climate.

Meanwhile, COP20 also received the visit of seven presidents, among which Evo Morales, from Bolivia; Enrique Peña Nieto, from Mexico, Michelle Bachelet, from Chile; Juan Manuel Santos, from Colombia; among others. The United Nations Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon; John Kerry, US Secretary of State and Al Gore, former U.S. vice-President and Peace Nobel Prize also attended.

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On the other hand, Play your Part, a citizen mobilization campaign with commitments to fight climate change, generated more than 330 commitments nationwide and will continue working to sensitize citizens and companies.
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The Lima Call for Climate Action

The agreement draft had several concrete achievements. The initial work plan for two years and the composition of the Executive Committee were approved for the “Losses and Damages” mechanism, which was created in 2013 for situations in which climate change impacts are so huge that they exceed the capacity of different populations to face them.

Concerning adaptation, there was progress in reinforcing National AdaptationPlans (NAP) that each country should get ready so that all the actions to be undertaken in different sectors respond to country planning in a coordinated fashion. Progress will allow less developed countries and developing countries to access funding to develop their NAPs and to execute the activities identified in such plans.
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Another progress highlighted on the first week is the Lima Work Plan on Gender. This decision seeks to promote effective participation of women in the UNFCCC and to strengthen women empowerment transforming them into important change agents in connection to adaptation and mitigation. This is a historical progress, because a decision urging parties to develop and implement gender-sensitive policies has been adopted for the first time at a COP.

During the first week, important progress was made regarding REDD+. The Multilateral Assessment was carried out for the first time. Seventeen developed countries (among which countries in the European Union and the United States) presented information on the progress they have made in reducing emissions, the trend of their Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from 1990 to 2012, as well as projections and targets for these emissions in their entire economies.

Additionally, the Lima Information Hub was launched for REDD+. It is a data repository that gathers attained results, National Plans or Strategies, summaries on safeguards and reference levels information systems. This will give more transparency to the process of payment for results. Adaptation is particularly important, taking into account that 50% of the Green Climate Fund will be aimed at adaptation actions. The initial 10 billion dollar target was exceeded for this green fund.

COP20 Communication

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