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14-12-2014 Cop20 news

What is the meaning of the COP20 Lima draft?

“Lima Call for Climate Action,” is the name of the decision draft from COP20 which was signed yesterday at dawn. Through this document, leaders from all over the world stated their commitment for mitigating global climate change. But, what are this draft’s implications?

“The Lima decision is sound not only because it fulfills the mandates established by COP19 in Warsaw but also because a draft was approved in Lima that contains the elements for negotiations, something that had never happened before. In turn, it strengthened adaptation in national contributions –the programs the countries have to submit next year- and also the funding mechanisms both in the approved document and in other decisions,” highlighted yesterday Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Minister of the Environment of Peru and President of COP20.

The document represents one more step towards Paris 2015 (COP21) and has become a clear example that collaboration work and constant debate and transparency are necessary elements to reach legislative agreements. The common objective of countries for climate action is strengthened from today.

The main commitments the document includes are the following:

1. The Green Fund for Climate exceeded the target by adding commitments for 10.2 billion dollars.

2. Progress was made to reinforce National Adaptation Plans (NAP) so that each country will commit to generate actions that will respond to appropriate adaptation planning.

3. This is the first time in the history of COPs in which a work plan on gender is included, the so called Lima Work Plan on Gender, aiming at promoting effective participation of women in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and at strengthening empowerment of women in connection to adaptation and mitigation.

4. Progress was made for implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. The mechanism’s benefits, guidelines and deforestation reference levels or baselines were disseminated.
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5. The Lima Information Hub was launched as a data base that collects attained results, national plans or strategies, summaries on information systems regarding safeguards and reference levels. This tool will permit more transparency and monitoring in the process of payments for results.

6. A declaration was prepared regarding education and dissemination so that the parties pay appropriate attention to participation and access to information.

7. COP20 established for the first time the “Lima Climate Action Day” to approach governmental and non-governmental actors and foster joint actions on climate change. The NAZCA Portal (Non State Actor Zone into Climate Actions) was launched to catalyze action in support of the 2015 agreement. The portal also shows individual and corporate initiatives from all over the world.

Thus, the “Lima Call for Climate Action” stands out for its innovative character, since it refers to the need for undertaking comprehensive actions that go beyond reducing greenhouse gas emissions by including simultaneous actions to collaborate with improving the current climate and social outlook.

COP20 Communication

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